Style Guide

When preparing manuscripts for submission pay attention to the following guidelines:

1. Use Chicago style for referencing. Do not use p. or pp. for page numbers, just the numbers. Abbreviate references that are used more than once. Include the city of publication, the publishing company, and the year of publication in the references. In the notes, there should be a space between the number and the citation (Incorrect: 1Morrow and Spelman, 126. Correct: 1 Morrow and Spelman, 126.).

2. References are by endnotes. It is best if these are automatically generated by your word-processing program. Do not format the endnotes by using special fonts, numbering, indents, or style sheets. Place the number for the endnote after the end of a sentence (.23).

3. Numbers from one to twenty should be spelled out (There were sixteen people at the demonstration). Numbers above twenty should be rendered numerically (There were 65 people at the demonstration). When a combination of these numbers appears in a sentence, the numbers should be spelled out unless one of the numbers contains three or more digits (There were sixty-four people at the demonstration, twelve of whom were arrested. Out of 368 people at the demonstration, sixty-four were arrested and nine assaulted). Centuries should be spelled out (nineteenth century, not 19th century). Numbers larger than three digits should contain a comma (23,000, not 23 000).

4. Double-check spelling in quotations and proper names, and verify dates. We prefer Canadian/British spellings (organisation, not organization; labour, not labor; centre, not center) but do accept American spellings if they are consistent. Proper names should use the same spelling as the original (Palladium of Labor, not Palladium of Labour).

5. Use italics for titles of books, journals, etc., non-English words, and author’s emphasis.

6. Use a single space after periods, colons, etc. Use em dashes (—) with no spaces on either side to indicate a break or aside within a sentence. Use en dashes (–) to signify “to” (1993–2000, the London–Paris train). Use hyphens (-) to join compound words or modifiers (mass-produced, dog-eat-dog). Use three period ellipses with a space on each side to indicate an omission within a quote ( … ). Lists of three or more nouns should have a comma after each (workers, farmers, and labourers).

7. Use double quotation marks (single within a quotation). Only keep punctuation within quotations that was in the original. Punctuation ending a quotation should be on the left side of the quotation mark (.” or ,”).

8. Dates should follow a day-month-year format, with no commas required (13 August 1967; March 1992; on 1 June we ate fish). Do not use ordinals (1st, 2nd).

9. New paragraphs should be indented; do not leave extra space between paragraphs.

10. Block quotations should be used for quotations that run longer than three lines. The entire block quotation should be indented from the left and the right. Do not use quotation marks in block quotations.

11. Spell out acronyms the first time they are used. Do not use periods within acronyms (eg. USA, not U.S.A; MA thesis, not M.A. thesis).